By Ahmad Soueid, E. Clayton Teague, James Murday
This booklet offers with the layout and building of structures for nanoscale technology and engineering learn. the knowledge supplied during this ebook comes in handy for designing and developing constructions for such complex applied sciences as nanotechnology, nanoelectronics and biotechnology. The ebook outlines the know-how demanding situations exact to every of the development environmental demanding situations defined less than and gives top practices and examples of engineering techniques to handle them:
• setting up and preserving severe environments: temperature, humidity, and pressure
• Structural vibration isolation
• Airborne vibration isolation (acoustic noise)
• Isolation of mechanical equipment-generated vibration/acoustic noise
• reasonable energy conditioning
• Grounding amenities for low electric interference
• Electromagnetic interference (EMI)/Radio frequency interference (RFI) isolation
• Airborne particulate contamination
• Airborne natural and chemical contamination
• surroundings, protection and healthiness (ESH) considerations
• Flexibility concepts for nanotechnology facilities
The authors are experts and specialists with wisdom and adventure in the
control of environmental disturbances to structures and experimental equipment.
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Extra info for Buildings for Advanced Technology
Laboratory in this example is designed such that the return air path is through a raised access floor and back through return air walls surrounding the room, in effect isolating the lab from the surrounding spaces. This concept meets several objectives: a high rate of air supply can be efficiently distributed and returned, the room is thermally isolated from its surroundings, and return air velocities are reduced to improve acoustic and vibration performance. 01 C stability requires special engineering solutions.
The number of engineering systems can, in extreme cases, be five times more than would be required for a typical bio-research laboratory. Complying with these frequently conflicting criteria requires close coordination within the design team and particularly with the user to identify the conflicts and limitations of the various systems. Priorities in the design requirements and the level of flexibility must be established. General Laboratories General laboratories usually have many fume hoods. Air handling units serving these spaces require a large amount of makeup air.
Humidity One special feature of the nanotechnology laboratory is its requirement for relatively low humidity, 40–45 % RH at 20 C. This RH is low enough to avoid corrosion and high enough to minimize static charge accumulation. Since some of the laboratory equipment is water cooled, low humidity is essential to prevent condensation within the instruments. Furthermore, most test equipment is calibrated at the above conditions as they have become an international standard for 24 3 Temperature and Humidity Control this type of work.