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By Larry E. Smith (eds.)

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We shall present some restricted data here about the uses of nonnative EngJishes in four broad functions. Following Bernstein we shall term these the Instrumental function, the Regulative function, the Interpersonal function, and the Imaginative/Innovative function and discuss some cultural and linguistic processes which have contributed' toward nativization of English in these functions. 5 NATIVIZATION: FUNCTIONAL There are various ways of defining the above four functions. In culturally and linguistically pluralistic societies, Instrumental function implies the status given to English in the educational system, in which it functions as an instrument of learning at various stages.

There are reasons for it, one reason being as Quirk (1972:26) appropriately says, that the English language has developed what he terms "interference varieties ... that are so widespread in a community and of such long standing that they may be thought stable and adequate enough to be institutionalized and regarded as varieties of English in their own right rather than stages on the way to a more native-like English". And he particularly refers to " ... India, Pakistan and several African countries, where efficient and fairly stable varieties of English are prominent in educated use at the highest political and professional ,level".

In 1965, when attempts were made to use regional languages in the high courts and lower courts, the Indian Bar Council opposed the resolution, claiming that "deep study and felicity in the use of one common language are vital to the existence of an all-India Bar, each of which is in turn indispensable to national integration" (Shah, 1968:168). As in education, in the legal system the claim is made that for "national integration", and "all-India" standards, English must continue as a regulatory language, though there are very vocal groups who do not support this view.

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