By Alex Housen, Michel Pierrard
This e-book offers an summary of present examine on recommended moment language acquisition (ISLA). Data-based reviews incorporated during this ebook take care of the purchase of particular linguistic phenomena (e.g., verb and noun morphology, lexicon, clause constructions) in more than a few aim languages (e.g., English, French, German, Russian) from numerous educational settings related to assorted educational ways (e.g., conventional overseas language periods, immersion periods, in depth ESL periods, content material and language built-in language classes). a number of of the chapters specialize in the position of form-focused and that means concentrated guideline in L2 studying, yet different matters equivalent to the position of crosslinguistic impact, information, implicit and specific processing mechanisms, reminiscence and the houses of school room enter also are mentioned. even if the curiosity in guideline during this quantity is acquisitional instead of pedagogical, and the entire chapters handle theoretical questions, a number of additionally recommend pedagogical implications for language educators. As such this quantity might be a invaluable source for researchers in SLA, psycholinguistics, linguistics and language pedagogy.
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Extra info for Investigations In Instructed Second Language Acquisition (Studies on Language Acquisition)
Oxford: Blackwell. Keenan, E. and B. Comrie 1977 Noun phrase accessibility and universal grammar. Linguistic Inquiry 8: 63–99. Klein, W. 1986 Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Krashen, S. 1981 Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Learning. Pergamon: Oxford. 1985 The Input Hypothesis: Issues and Implications. London: Longman. 1992 Formal grammar instruction: Another educator comments… TESOL Quarterly, 26 (2): 409–411. 1993 The effect of formal grammar instruction: Still peripheral.
1989 Long, M. 1983 Speaking: From Intention to Articulation. : MIT Press. Does second language instruction make a difference? A review of research. TESOL Quarterly 17 (3): 359–82. 1991 Focus on Form: A design feature in language teaching methodology. In Foreign language research in cross-cultural perspective, K. de Bot, R. Ginsberg, and C. ), 39–52. Amsterdam: Benjamins. Norris, J. M. and L. Ortega 2000 Effectiveness of L2 instruction: A research synthesis and quantitative meta-analysis. Language Learning 50 (3): 417–528.
It is suggested that this is the result of fluent learners having developed clausal planning. It is proposed that the type of knowledge accessed in speech production, implicit or explicit, associated with automatic or controlled processes respectively, is one factor accounting for learner fluency. Pedagogical implications are discussed. 1. Introduction This study reports on an investigation into instructed language learners’ fluency in spontaneous speech. In the term fluency I am considering the temporal organisation of speaking: “fluent” describes speech produced at a normal rate and which is not unduly disrupted by pauses and hesitations (even though these are a normal part of speech).