By Subrata K. Mitra
Publish 12 months note: First released in 2010
Providing a complete research of the huge spectrum of India’s politics, this undergraduate textbook explains the major positive factors of politics in India in a comparative and available narrative, illustrated with correct maps, existence tales, facts and opinion information.
Familiar recommendations of comparative politics are used to focus on the coverage procedure, with a spotlight on anti-poverty measures, liberalisation of the economic system, nuclearisation and kin with the USA and Asian neighbours akin to Pakistan and China.
The writer increases numerous key questions suitable to Indian politics, including:
• Why has India succeeded in creating a really peaceable transition from colonial rule to a resilient, multi-party democracy unlike her neighbours?
• How has the interplay of recent politics and conventional society contributed to the resilience of post-colonial democracy?
• How did India’s financial system – moribund for a number of many years following independence – make a leap forward into swift progress, and, can India maintain it?
• and at last, why have collective id and nationhood end up the center factor of India within the twenty first century?
Introducing the beginner to India, this obtainable, surely comparative account of India’s political evolution additionally engages the specialist in a deep contemplation of the character of strategic manoeuvring inside of India’s household and foreign context. as well as pedagogical good points corresponding to textual content bins, a suite of additional readings is equipped as a to steer readers who desire to transcend the remit of this article.
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Extra resources for Politics in India: Structure, Process and Policy
20 Introduction 33 In the voluminous literature that has grown around governance, one notices more a pendulumlike mood swing between optimism and pessimism with regard to the state of governance, reflecting the political reality of the day, than the cumulating of analytical rigour and methodological precision. The tendency in some recent studies is to lean towards a pessimistic prognosis (Brass 2003). In contrast to his earlier prognosis (Kohli 1990), his The Success of India’s Democracy (2001) endorses the achievements of India’s institutional arrangements.
Quigly (1993) provides a résumé of the debate around Dumont’s contribution. Palme, Dutt and Bettelheim were representative of the earlier generation; Frankel and Rao (1989/90), Brass (1992), Moore (1966), Vanaik (1990) provide shades of the more recent contributions to this field. I have called this the ‘neo-institutional rational choice’ approach in my Puzzle of India’s Governance (Mitra 2005). Rationality is used to imply both ‘instrumental’ and ‘value’ rationality as defined by Max Weber. For an illustration of the structure, functions and social origin of such elites at the local level – the gaon ka neta – see Mitra (1991).
There are no simple answers to these complex questions, and I do not offer any in this book. Instead, my intention in this text is to give the reader a ring-side view of how these issues are debated in India’s universities – a vast, inchoate mass of teachers, students and politicians – in the free-wheeling and prolific Indian media, in the vast, dusty corridors of power in Delhi and capital cities of the regional States, inside political parties, movements, the chambers of legislatures, public inquiry commissions and the judiciary, and more recently, in the ubiquitous non-governmental organizations.